Wednesday, January 17, 2018


2) 14,000 Officers to Secure Papua Elections




The Indonesian government has admitted it has been too slow to respond to a health crisis in the eastern province of Papua.
Hunger and a measles outbreak in remote areas have claimed the lives of more than 60 children in just four months.
The government has called the measles outbreak an extraordinary situation and has sent food and medical teams to the area.
The military was also called in to help. But, due to the remoteness of the affected villages, many fear that, for some, help will be too late.
Al Jazeera's Step Vaessen reports from Jakarta.

WEDNESDAY, 17 JANUARY, 2018 | 19:26 WIB
2) 14,000 Officers to Secure Papua Elections

TEMPO.COJakarta - The Papua Police Force has deployed 14,000 of personnel to secure the regional head elections of 2018. The security personnel are members of the Indonesian National Police (TNI) and the Community Protection (Linmas).
"We are posting some 14,000 officers more personnel to secure the elections there," Papua Police spokesman Comr. AM Kamal said in South Jakarta, Wednesday, January 17.
Kamal said the officers will secure the gubernatorial election and the election of seven regents in Papua, an area which he said is prone to conflicts during elections.
National Police Chief General Tito Karnavian previously mentioned some areas considered to be vulnerable to conflicts during the elections. One of them is Papua.  
Zara Amelia

Tuesday, January 16, 2018

1) Social affairs ministry sends food to tackle measles, malnutrition in Asmat

2) Freeport Indonesia Pays First Dividend in Three Years
1) Social affairs ministry sends food to tackle measles, malnutrition in Asmat

Jakarta (ANTARA News) - The Ministry of Social Affairs has sent food to tackle the extraordinary outbreaks of measles and malnutrition in Asmat District, Papua.

Social Affairs Minister Khofifah Indar Parawansa, through a written statement received by ANTARA on Tuesday, announced that 16 thousand packages of canned food, valued at Rp725 million, had been sent to Papua on Sunday (Jan 14) and has been gradually distributed to the affected communities in Asmat since Monday (Jan 15).

In addition to food, the ministry has also sent logistics assistance, including three tons of rice, 200 blankets, 200 mattresses, two family tents, and 50 food wares.

"As a first step, food was sought from areas adjacent to Asmat," Parawansa stated.

A total of 63 children have died from measles, along with malnutrition, in Asmat in the last four months.

The outbreaks occurred in six districts of Asmat District. Since September 2017 till date, a local hospital in Asmat had reportedly cared for hundreds of measles patients. A total of 393 people were treated as outpatient and 175 as inpatients.

Parawansa explained that people living in the Agats Disctrict, which is the capital of the regency, have been supported by the Family Hope Program (PKH) and rice social assistance (Rastra) programs since 2016. In Agats, as many as 371 families receive the social aids.

Furthermore, the ministry has also provided funds worth Rp3.1 billion for the assistance of the remote indigenous community. The types of assistance provided include social settlement, life insurance, seedlings assistance, work equipment, and household appliances. 

Reported by Desi Purnamawati
Editor: Heru Purwanto


2) Freeport Indonesia Pays First Dividend in Three Years

By : Adinda Normala | on 10:41 AM January 16, 2018
Jakarta. Gold and copper miner Freeport Indonesia – the local unit of US mining giant Freeport McMoRan – paid its first dividend in three years to the Indonesian government in 2017, a Finance Ministry official said on Monday (15/01).
Freeport paid the government – that has a 9.36 percent stake in the company – a dividend of Rp 1.4 trillion ($112 million) last year.
The miner operates one of the world's largest copper and gold mines in Papua, Indonesia's easternmost province.
Freeport, citing falling commodity prices, suspended its annual dividend payment in 2015 to strengthen its balance sheet.
"There was a dividend payment of Rp 1.4 trillion from Freeport [last year]," Askolani, director general for budgeting at the Ministry of Finance, said during a press conference.
"Freeport did not pay any dividend in the two years before that. We know they had a business problem and needed new investment, so they stopped paying," Askolani said.
Freeport decided to pay the dividend again thanks to improving commodity prices in the global market.
The Indonesian government earned Rp 44.5 trillion in dividends from various companies it has stakes in last year – 8 percent more than its original target of Rp 41 trillion.
Freeport Indonesia is one of the largest taxpayers in Indonesia, having paid more than $16 billion in royalties, taxes and dividends to the government between 1992 and 2015, according to data from the company.
In August last year, Freeport agreed to reduce its majority stake in the miner to 49 percent, build a local copper smelter and pay more taxes and royalties with hopes to extend its contract to operate the massive Grasberg mine until 2041.
Tough negotiations between the Indonesian government and Freeport on the contract are expected to continue until June.


                             Land clearing and timber logging activities in Keerom Regency, Papua Province – Dok. Jubi

Jayapura, Jubi – The largest land in Indonesia that has not been fully exploited is the forests and land of Papua.
Forest in Indonesia, from the study of Forest Wacht Indonesia in Sumatra and Borneo, has been used for plantation and transmigration, which largest areas are for oil palm plantations. Now the palm oil expansion is going to the eastern part of Indonesia, and Papua is the main target.
Indonesia pushed palm oil production by expanding the land used for plantations. No wonder that currently Indonesia has the largest oil palm plantation in the world. The total area are now reach is 16.1 million ha (Sawit Watch 2017) with income earned from this sector is over 200 Trillion rupiah
In 2017 this sector has contributed more than 18 billion USD or equivalent to the oil and gas sector which in the same period also generated about 18 billion USD. The high revenue from this sector has an impact on the governments incessant permit for investors, regardless the impact of the expansion.
Sawit Watch notes that the serious and most frequent impacts of oil palm expansion in Indonesia today are endless land conflicts. The absence of transparency in the licensing process and absence of clear and measurable plans for the sector have resulted in an easy access of permit for oil palm plantations in Indonesia today.
“The consequence of this conflict is criminalization of communities who defend their land, open up conflicts between communities and companies protected by security forces,” said Maryo Saputra, Head of Sawit Watch Campaign in a joint press conference with Walhi Papua in Jayapura end of the year.
Maryo who is in charge of Monitoring and observation in Sawit Watch said, Sumatra or Kalimantan has no longer become priority for oil palm plantation development. They have moved to Eastern Indonesia: Maluku, Sulawesi, West Papua and Papua. The process of land transferring, from forest and community livelihood (customs or local) to oil palm plantations is currently taking place, and one of them is in Papua Province.
Data from Sawit Watch show that oil palm plantation area ​​ in Papua Province has reach 958,094.2 ha with 79 plantation companies. The magnitude of the current extent has been an alarm for possibility of expansion grows in the year to come.
The expansion of further oil palm plantations according to Maryo will continue to grow in Papua province, considering the area of ​​forest is still quite large. He warned the local government to be careful in giving permission.
Currently, the impact of oil palm plantations has been seen in Papua. Started from land conflicts; loss of indigenous people’s livelihoods; community criminalization by the company; and the environmental impact such as floods or forest and land fires. All have become visible evidence we can read in various media today.
Indigenous land grabbing has been experienced by Papuans since the era of Forest Concessions Right (HPH) by companies in the 1980s to land clearing for oil palm plantations.
Land grabbing
The secretary of Yeresiam Gua tribe in Nabire Papua, Robertino Hanebora said that timber and timber companies have long taken their land without negotiating with them.
“The sacred territory and sago hamlets belonging to the traditional community of Yeresiam were also taken by the company,” he said.
Yue Yance, one of the indigenous Yeresiam residents of Kampung Sima, in Nabire Regency said that Sima village is located on the edge of the beach, while oil palm plantation is only limited to the sago hamlet beside Sima.
“Before the oil palm plantation existed, it becomes paradise for birds, there were peacocks, white and black, birds of Taon Taon, many more,” he said as he pointed toward the oil palm plantation. But now everything is cleared and changed into oil palm plantations, birds fly away to look for forests and other places for shelter and foraging.
Sima in Nabire is only one ezample. Similar case also happens in Mimika Regency. Timika Bishop, Mgr. John Philip Saklil, Pr, has requested local governments to be firm against the operation of oil palm plantations. The bishop said palm oil company such as PT. Pusaka Agro Lestari (PAL), which has been operating in Mimika Regency, Papua since 2011, had threatens the lives of Kamoro people in Mimika Regency who live in lowland coastal areas.
“The impact of environmental damage has been quite large. This will be a serious threat to coastal residents,” the Bishop John told Jubi.
He also said the expansion of oil palm plantation area operated by PT. PAL is still continue, since they had pocketed permit of Right to Use (HGU) to open a land area of ​​38.000 hectare.
“It can deplete the forests and trees in Timika region. A big flood in the village of Miyoko and Aikawapuka was the proof;  PT. PAL should take responsibility for the disaster,” the bishop said.(to be continued)

Monday, January 15, 2018


2) Military deploys medical personnel to tackle measles outbreak in Asmat


5) Indonesia lays groundwork for Grasberg copper mine


                                                  Illustration of Asmat children – Maria Sucianingsih/

Jayapura, Jubi – Natan Pahabol, Deputy Chairman of Commission I, Papua House of Representatives, on Education and Health put questioned on 15 percent from 80 percent of the Papua Otsus (Special Autonomy) fund granted by Papua Provincial Government to districts/regency government.
This was said by the Gerindra Party politician in response to the epidemic of measles and malnutrition in Asmat regency causing at least 24 children died, in the last four months.
“If this condition keep happening in regencies or districts, we need to question the 80 percent Otsus fund given by the Papua Provincial Government (to the regions),” said Natan on Sunday 
(January 14).

According to him, the flow of Otsus funds for health to the districts and municipalities in Papua should be questioned, especially if the condition of public health has been slumped.
Quoted from, the number of children died in Asmat due to measles and malnutrition is likely to increase because the district government still collecting the data.
Head of Public Health Service of Asmat District Health Office, Steven Langi, said dozens of children now treated at Agats Hospital suffered from measles and malnutrition and other diseases, such as tuberculosis, pneumonia and malaria.
“There are three children affected by measles and malnutrition return home from the hospital,” said Steven Langi.
According to him, five districts in the interior of Asmat are stroke by measles and malnutrition, which are Swator, Fayit, Pulau Tiga, Jetsy, and Siret.
Asmat regency has sent four teams to five districts since Tuesday (January 9) to provide medication and food, and collected data of victims. (


2) Military deploys medical personnel to tackle measles outbreak in Asmat

Jakarta (ANTARA News) - The Indonesian National Defense Forces (TNI) has deployed 53 medical personnel to handle the measles epidemic in Asmat District of Papua Province.

"The personnel deployed under the TNI Task Force for the extraordinary event have departed aboard a Hercules A-1326 helicopter from the Halim Perdanakusuma Airbase to Papua," Head of the TNI Information Center Mayor General M. Sabrar Fadhilah stated in a press release received here on Monday.

Fadhilah noted that President Joko Widodo had urged TNI Commander Marshall Hadi Tjahjanto to treat people suffering from measles in Asmat District.

The TNI commander has established a health task force to assist the Health Ministry to fight the measles outbreak.

The team comprises medical personnel from the TNI and Army health center as well as the Navy and Air Force health service.

The joint operation is being carried out to offer humanitarian assistance in the health sector.

"The task force will strengthen the medical team of the Cendrawasih Regional Military Command centered in Timika City," Fadhilah stated.

The team comprises medical specialists, paramedic officers, and medicine specialists. The team has also brought along medical tools and vaccines for diphtheria and measles.

According to Fadhilah, the TNI has also brought along 11,100 instant food packages to be distributed to the people of Asmat. 

He noted that the total count of those exposed to measles had reached 467 children.

Meanwhile, 487 children had been vaccinated, and 1,052 others had received medical treatment. 

Reported by Saiful Hakim
Editor: Heru Purwanto
Yahukimo, Jubi – After landslide disaster in the Kabianggama district of Yahukimo Regency, mid-December 2017, the residents of six villages are now threatened with starvation.
“Three locations of our yam farms are buried by landslides. We do not have any food, “said Niko Bahabol from Kabianggama district who just arrived from Buahun village in Dekai, Friday (January 12).
Lack of means of communication has made Niko walked for three days and two nights from his village to Wamena, to deliver the landslide disaster news.
“Meanwhile, the victims of the landslide were evacuated to Kabianggama District Office. We slept there because our houses were covered by avalanche of Bibil Mountain. It is hard to get clean water because the water becomes dirty due to landslides mud. We really need government help, as soon as possible,” he said.
Enius Yual, the coordinator of landslide disaster of Buahun village, said the landslide occurred because the mountain of Bibil was crack in the middle and then there was a shift of lands and landslides. As a result, dozens of houses and farms owned by residents were damaged and dozens of livestock died.(


Jayapura, Jubi – Legislator of Papua, Laurenzus Kadepa, considered that the granting of 10 percent of PT Freeport Indonesia’s shares to Papua Province Government and Mimika Regency Government from 51 percent of the Government of Indonesia’s shares divestment is similar to the case of Special Autonomy (Otsus).
He said that in 2001 the Government of Indonesia had granted the Special Autonomy Law and the Special Autonomy Fund to Papuans who were insisted to be politically independent.
“Now the Government of Indonesia gives 10 percent of Freeport shares to Papua Province and Mimika regency,” he said to Jubi, Saturday (January 13).
According to him, the issues of Papua human rights violations which are now increasingly go global had resulted fruitful international response, that some countries are now continuing to voice the issue of Papuan human rights at various world forums.
“The response of various countries related to human rights situation in Papua, may make Indonesian Government forced to think: how to tame the human rights issue. And one of them, I think, with the giving out shares of Freeport,” he said.
However, he continue, not all Papuans responded negatively to the shares. There are among those who support and look at it as a positive step.
“Papuan people is divided in responding this issue, because Freeport is the beginning of calamity and suffering experienced by indigenous Papuans,” he said.
Previously the central government, the Papua Provincial Government, the Mimika Regency, and PT Indonesia Asahan Aluminum (Inalum) agreed on a 10 percent divestment agreement of PT Freeport Indonesia in Jakarta on Friday (January 12).(


5) Indonesia lays groundwork for Grasberg copper mine

Metal News - Published on Mon, 15 Jan 2018

Straits Times reported that Indonesian regional and central government officials signed an agreement with state holding company PT Inalum that lays the foundation for transfer of Freeport-McMoRan Inc's giant Grasberg copper mine to local control.

Indonesia and Papua have long pushed for greater control over Grasberg and the new ownership structure may ease tensions over spoils from the world's second-biggest copper mine, a focal point for local separatists.

Indonesia and Freeport agreed in principle in August to set up Freeport's rights to Grasberg according to a new mine licence that replaces an existing contract of work.

The American miner also said it would divest up to 51 % of its local unit to"Indonesia interests".

Under the agreement signed on Friday, the Papua provincial government and Mimika regency will jointly own rights to a 10 % share in PT Freeport Indonesia once they have been divested, Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati said at a press briefing.

Ms Indrawati said that "This portion of share ownership rights is for the interests for the indigenous land owners and members of the community facing permanent impacts (from the mine)."

Ms Indrawati said that "The government hopes to improve the performance of PTFI and give maximum benefits to the Papuan and Indonesian people."

The agreement allows the Indonesian parties to act as a consortium in the acquisition, funding for which will be provided by Inalum and will not be taken from the central or regional government budgets, Ms Indrawati said.

A Jakarta-based spokesman for Freeport Indonesia declined to comment on the matter.

Inalum, which holds ownership of all state-owned mining companies, has been nominated to acquire an additional 41.64 % in Freeport Indonesia, which would take Indonesia's share of PTFI to 51 %, up from 9.36 % now.

The 10 % to be held by Papua and Mimika will be part of this Inalum holding, Inalum chief executive Budi Gunadi Sadikin said.

Disagreement on the valuation of Grasberg may hold up a deal, analysts have said.

Coal and minerals director-general Bambang Gatot said on Thursday that Indonesia is targeting to complete contract talks with Freeport by June.

Ms Indrawati said"The process to obtain 51 % including the Rio Tinto participating interest that will be converted to a shareholding is still being discussed and negotiated with related parties."

Ms Indrawati was referring to a joint venture Freeport formed with Rio Tinto in 1996.

Under that venture, Rio has a 40 % interest in PTFI's Grasberg contract, which entitles them to a 40 % share of all production after 2022.

Sunday, January 14, 2018

1) Palm Oil Association Urges Gov't to Revive Suharto-Era Transmigration Program




1) Palm Oil Association Urges Gov't to Revive Suharto-Era Transmigration Program
By : Muhamad Al Azhari | on 6:41 PM January 14, 2018

The Indonesian Palm Oil Association, or Gapki, urged the government to revive its now defunct transmigration program, which was first implemented under former President Suharto, to empower rural farmers and enrich palm oil producing regions. (Reuters Photo/Samsul Said)

Jakarta. The Indonesian Palm Oil Association, or Gapki, urged the government to revive its now defunct transmigration program, first implemented under former President Suharto, to empower rural farmers and enrich palm oil producing regions.
Gapki secretary general Togar Sitanggang said in a statement on Friday (12/01) that the government's transmigration program made a significant contribution to the nation’s development as it helped open up isolated areas and successfully enriched workers in rural areas through improved resource exploitation.
In the 1980s and 1990s, many Balinese and Javanese workers moved to rural areas in remote locations in Kalimantan, Sumatra and Papua to cultivate land and extract natural resources under the transmigration program.
Togar, who spoke at a discussion session in Jakarta last week, said that many isolated regions have been able expand their administrative status to "regency" thanks to increased population growth and economic activity due to the program.
Many of these so-called transmigrants managed to find work as palm oil farmers, helping to stimulate local economies and create new settlements and towns.
The program continued into the 2000s, though the central government later turned its focus on local transmigration to better reallocate labor within regions.
Indonesia is the world’s largest palm oil producer. According to Gapki data, about 50 million Indonesians in their everyday lives depend on palm oil and its derivatives, be it directly or indirectly.
In 2016, the sector brought $18.6 billion in foreign exchange revenue.
The administration of President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo has signaled that it is paying serious attention to the sector, although there is no stated goal to revive the decades-long transmigration program. The current administration is focused on increasing plantation productivity and strengthening the role of smallholder farmers.
Coordinating Economic Affairs Minister Darmin Nasution said at a palm oil conference last year that boosting palm oil plantation productivity and improving farmers' welfare are integral parts of the government's agrarian reform initiative. This is aimed at narrowing wealth disparity through better land utilization and redistribution.
Jokowi initiated a replanting program by planting oil palm trees with high-quality seeds for more productive crops in plantation areas owned by smallholder farmers in Banyuasin, South Sumatra, in October.



Jayapura, Jubi – Journal of anthropology in Social and Political faculty (FISIP) of UNCEN used to attract international customers with up to 800 academicians from home and abroad. The journal focuses on publishing the results of anthropological research.
“The magazine has customers from various international institutions and persons up to 800 and comes from various countries in the world,” said a senior lecturer of Anthropology Cendrawasih University, Johsz Manzoben, recently.
Johsz Mansoben said the research has its own advantages for anthropological institutions. Many research authors came from various countries in the fields of anthropology, linguistics, health education, archeology and botany.

The first anthropological research activity was conducted since the establishment of the institution in 1963 until 1974. Recorded research conducted by the well known anthropologist, Prof. Koentjaraningrat, was about the Cultures of Bonggo People, especially their kinship system. The results of his research were published in international journal.
Prof. Dr. Parsudi Suparlan examines the culture of Arso people, and has been published in Bulletin of Irian Jaya Development. Drs. Anwas Iskandar also conducted research on Mukoku People and has been published as a book.
Joshz mentioned further researches have also conducted by a number of anthropologists such as Prof. Dr. M.T Walker from 1972 to 1974 about Fishing Industry in Jayapura: Market Resources in Jayapura; Copra Industri in Raja Ampat, Sorong; Economic and Social Change among the Asmats (in Asmat papers Volume I; Social structure and Leadership among the asmat (asmat paper volume II).
“Professor Walker conducted research in Asmat for a year, we were invited to stay for a year there to conduct the research and live together with community,” he said.
He hopes the anniversary of Anthropology Department will be set as regular agenda to be commemorated every year.
Acting Head of Anthropology Department FISIP UNCEN, Marlin Falssy said a lot of research has been done by lecturers, students, and anthropology alumni. “But the results publication were still lacking,” she said.
Currently the agency has a journal managed by Jack Morin, though it is not regularly published due to financial constraints. “There have been lot of things we had conducted and today we are reviewing the works to improve this department,” he said. (


Yahukimo, Jubi – Landslide disaster has struck the residents settlements and farms of in Buahun village Kabianggama District, Yahukimo Regency end of last year (December 30), at about three o’clock in the afternoon.
According to Enius Yual, a person in charge in handling landslide disaster in village Buahun, Kabianggama district, it occurred because Bibil Mountain was split in the middle that caused a shift of lands and landslides. As a result, dozens of houses and farms owned by residents were damaged and dozens of livestock died.
“There are 24 houses buried in landslides. Farms owned by residents in six villages, including Buahun, Bahabolma, Kawianggema, Soha, Supayo, and Domul villages, destroyed completely due to landslides in three locations. Total of 26 pigs also buried by landslides. Now people started to get coughing, fever chills, runny nose, and shortness of breath. Food also lacks and we ask government’s attention,” said Enius Yual to Jubi, in 
Dekai, Thursday (January 11).

“This disaster is a fact, not we need help from the government,” he added.
Chief of Kabianggema District, Agus Silip, who also witnesses said the disaster had happened almost two weeks ago, but the information were late to be delivered due to transportation which is only by plane. He just arrived in Deka, the regency capital, to bring evidence of disaster.
“Our house, farms, and pig are buried. Our house was ruined. Our essentials and kitchen appliances were covered by landslides. We started to get sick. We desperately need help from all parties. We’ve got nothing else,” said Silip.
He told Jubi that the disaster came in a suddenly. There was no earthquake, rain, or any other signs. Residents were in a state of shock and panic trying to save themselves.
“The news about the tragedy is delayed because of it happened in the hinterland. The means of communication are limited. Just today I met reporters,” he said.(