Thursday, October 19, 2017

1) Gas poisoning suspected to cause death of Freeport worker


 
 2) TOLIKARA PEOPLE ARE ASKED TO BE CALM
3) Raja Ampat promotes underwater beauty at marine festival
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Jayapura | Thu, October 19, 2017 | 05:23 pm
Another mining accident occurred at the gold and copper mine belonging to mining giant PT Freeport Indonesia (PTFI) in Tembagapura, Mimika, Papua, on Wednesday.
The accident, that took place in the Biggossan area at 00.20 a.m, left Hendry Munardi, 50, dead and two other employees in critical condition.
“The victim allegedly died because of inhaling poisonous gas. The other two workers, Nofi Rizal Fachrudin and Sri Giri Dino Haryanto, are in a stable condition,” Mimika Police chief Adj. Sr. Comr. Victor D Mackbon told The Jakarta Post on Wednesday.
"But we have to wait for further investigation to find out the exact cause [of the accident],” he said.
The police have questioned several witnesses. Victor said there were only three workers on duty at the time of the incident.
Hendry’s body was flown to his hometown in Batam, Riau Islands, while Nofi and Sri have been receiving treatment at Tembagapura Hospital.
The area where the incident occurred was temporarily closed to allow police investigators to examine the site. “Other areas in the mine are operating as usual,” he said.
PTFI spokesperson Riza Pratama did not respond to the Post's request for comment on the accident.
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  2) TOLIKARA PEOPLE ARE ASKED TO BE CALM

Jayapura, Jubi – Papuan Legislators from Tolikara, Puncak Jaya and Puncak Regency, Orwan Tolli Wone reminded the Tolikara community to remain calm after Tolikara-related election affairs riots at the Ministry of Home Affairs (Kemendagri) last week.
He said the protests of Tolikara people in Kemendagri last week which led to rioting, was not something to be imitated. The Tolikara community should not be affected by any issue from any parties.
Jayapura, Jubi – Papuan Legislators from Tolikara, Puncak Jaya and Puncak Regency, Orwan Tolli Wone reminded the Tolikara community to remain calm after Tolikara-related election affairs riots at the Ministry of Home Affairs (Kemendagri) last week.
He said the protests of Tolikara people in Kemendagri last week which led to rioting, was not something to be imitated. The Tolikara community should not be affected by any issue from any parties.
According to him, different political views are reasonable, but that does not necessarily mean society should be split because of that. It is time for the community to cooperate in supporting all development programs in the region.
“Even so, I hope the security forces are alert to anticipate the various possibilities that will occur in Tolikara, the three candidates who joined Tolikara’s election should calm their supporters,” he said.
After the riot in the Ministry of Home Affairs, as many as 11 people from Papua were arrested and now reside in Metro Jaya Police Station.
Head of the Komnas HAM Office of Papua Representative, Frits Ramandey, who visited dozens of Papuans last week, confirmed their condition are good.
“From the statement of one of the detained Papuans, Endi Wonda, since being arrested, he and his colleagues are treated as they are, There is no sign of violence,” Frits said when contacting Jubi, last weekend.(tabloidjubi.com/Zely)

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Jakarta | Thu, October 19, 2017 | 04:07 pm
 Raja Ampat Marine Festival is currently ongoing until Oct. 21.
Officiated on Waisai Torang Cinta Beach on Oct. 18, ‎the festival's main event is aquathlon competition slated on the last day, which has been a part of every marine festival since 2010.
“Our mission is to introduce the marine beauty and cultural wonders of the people who live near Raja Ampat,” said Raja Ampat Regent Abdul Faris Umlati.
According to Raja Ampat Tourism Agency head Yusdhi Lamatenggo, Raja Ampat is planning to hold other water sport competitions in the future such as canoeing, paddling and cliff diving.
“We have appointed a consultant from Jakarta to help Raja Ampat to host other sport competitions,” said Yusdhi.
Raja Ampat Marine Festival also features activities such as underwater West Papua regional police (Polda) photo competition, beach volleyball competition, environmental workshop and youth cooking competition. It will also host presentations of traditional boats and fruit-eating activity by the Papuans. (kes)

Wednesday, October 18, 2017

1) Papua’s ‘Black Pearls’, the athletic gems of Indonesia


2) WORLD FOOD DAY, TIMIKA BISHOP CALLS TO LOVE LOCAL FOOD
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1) Papua’s ‘Black Pearls’, the athletic gems of Indonesia
Wednesday October 18, 2017 03:11 PM GMT+8
SORONG, Oct 18 — Boaz Solossa, Indonesia’s football captain, is known for his quick turn of pace and sharp instincts — as well as his eye for goal.
But he’s not alone: Solossa is just one of many outstanding players born and bred in the far-flung, rebellious province of Papua, which has become known as a breeding ground for athletic talent.
In the eastern province, one of Indonesia’s poorest, genetics and geography have combined to produce a string of successful players and teams.
Solossa’s club Persipura Jayapura, known as the “Black Pearls” because of Papuans’ dark skin, have won the national title five times, making them Indonesia’s most successful team.
It is a proud achievement for Papua, known for its low-level insurgency and antipathy towards Indonesia’s Javanese rulers since it was annexed in the 1960s.

Papuans come from Pacific-origin Melanesian stock and the province, bordering Papua New Guinea, has a warlike, tribal past including cannibalism.
Modern Papuans are known for their athleticism and particularly their football, which they play from a young age and often at high altitude in the mountainous region.
Elvis Howay, a coach in Solossa’s hometown of Sorong, says it’s the early exposure to football which sets Papuans apart.
“Whether it’s a small field or a field with a three-metre goalpost, the children of Papua are used to playing football everywhere,” he tells AFP.
“That’s why they are mostly better than the children in (the Indonesian capital) Jakarta.”
‘It’s genetic’
Solossa, 31, the youngest of five children, has progressed to become one of Indonesia’s most celebrated players, scoring nearly 200 goals for club and country.
This year, he became the first Indonesian to be ranked among Asia’s top 50 players by FourFourTwo magazine.
“I think it’s genetic. Our father was also a football player though not professional. We are all professional footballers, but my younger brother Boaz is the best,” says his brother, Joice Solossa.
Football commentator Akmali Marhali, who works with the Save Our Soccer think tank, says Papuan players have a well-earned reputation for fitness and agility.
“Their physique supports them to become athletes. Their geographical conditions as well,” he says.
Although Indonesia has had little success in international football beyond South-east Asia, the prowess of Papua’s players has echoes in other hotspots of football talent.

Their experience has similarities with South America, where impoverished but athletically gifted children spend hours every day with a ball at their feet, resulting in the world-beating teams of Brazil and Argentina.
“Most of the players have been playing football since an early age, and God has given the children of Papua a certain privilege,” says Bento Madabun, media officer of Persipura Jayapura.
“They are born with great talent which is strengthened by the situation in their region and their hard life.”
In 1938, Indonesia became the first Asian country to qualify for the World Cup, but from this promising position it now languishes at 165th out of 209 teams in the Fifa rankings.

Premier League stars
Despite this decline in international fortunes, football, which was introduced by Dutch colonialists, plays an important cultural role in the widely spread archipelago of 250 million people.
Even when the national football league was disbanded in 2015, following a row between administrators, thousands flocked to informal village games featuring players from well-known clubs.
This year, when the new Liga 1 replaced the disbanded former top-flight league, the clubs had sufficient resources to lure former English Premier League players Michael Essien, Carlton Cole and Peter Odemwingie.
They took their place alongside a number of Papuan players, including Titus Bonai, Vendry Mofu and Yanto Basna who have become stars at club and international level.
Other successful Papuan athletes include weightlifter Raema Lisa Rumbewas, a three-time Olympic medallist, swimmer Margaretha Herawati and rower Erni Sokoy.
But experts say the full potential of Papuan football is far from being realised, mainly because of a lack of investment in developing and supporting players.

Many players have problems with discipline and nutrition, while others lack the confidence to move to a club outside the province, fearing they will be homesick.
“The problem is our effort to develop athletes is weak and Java-focused,” said Marhali.
“Papua hardly gets attention, even though there are many talented athletes there.”
In Sorong, one of the largest cities in West Papua, footballers are calling for better stadiums and more support for local teams and tournaments.
Joice Solossa said a young generation of talented players in the city was being ignored.
“When we talk about nurturing talent... it’s not backed up by the government,” he said.
“The young generation can be developed. But there is no one who cares about this.” — AFP
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2) WORLD FOOD DAY, TIMIKA BISHOP CALLS TO LOVE LOCAL FOOD

Jayapura, Jubi – Catholic Church through Timika diocese, Papua, invites people to love local food. The call was delivered during the commemoration of the world food day October 16 2017.
“The movement to love local food is the movement of loving food that has lived the ancestors,” said Bishop Timika, Mgr. John Philip Saklil, Pr, to Jubi, Monday (October 16).
Bishop Saklil questioned the indigenous Papuans, especially Catholics in his area who liked the food of others and spent money buying food that was not a local product.

“We are poor because we depend on the results of their village, and when we sell our village we have no more local food, “said Saklil added.
He said he was concerned that Papuan people are increasingly dependent on food from outside. In addition to love local food, he also reminded that the people of Papua do not sell the land to be used into oil palm plantations.
“All Papuan, please love your own food. Meaning you love your village,” he said.
The exclamation of the movement to love local food was set by a bazaar of 1001 different local foods while commemorating the world food day. The food products vary from sago, taro, petatas (sweet potatoes) and cassava are exhibited in Gelael Timika field.
Head of SMP YPPK Epouto, Paniai, Timika diocese, Esau Tekege, said the movement to love local food as a form of restoring the glory of field workers (farmers).
“Because consumption of food products will restore the glory of field workers,” said Esau.
Esau also urged people to control what they eat when many children are still malnourished. He referred to Pope Francis’ statement a few years ago that mentioning who threw food was robbed of the poor.
“It is better if we are able to set aside food for our sisters, our malnourished children can be helped,” he said. (*)
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1) MPs joining Vanua'aku Pati seen as good for Papua


2) Hundreds of security forces monitor Papua inauguration
3) Exposition of Asmat culture to Italian public
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1) MPs joining Vanua'aku Pati seen as good for Papua
3:24 pm today 
Two members of parliament from Vanuatu's opposition have joined a government party in a move described as being good for West Papua.

The Daily Post reporeds that two Sanma Province MPs, Hosea Nevu and Marc Ati, have both left the People's Progress Party.
The leader of the Vanua'aku Pati, Joe Natuman, welcomed the pair into the country's oldest political party at a kava ceremony in Port Vila.
It meant the party now has eight MPs, making it the biggest party in the coalition government led by Charlot Salwai.
Mr Natuman, who is the Deputy Prime Minister, said the move by the two MPs would help mitigate efforts to undermine Vanuatu's interests on West Papua.
He was referring to moves by the People's Progress Party leader Sato Kilman in forging closer ties with Indonesia, in spite of his country's long-running support for West Papuan independence.
According to Mr Natuman, Mr Kilman's previous actions when in government, including supporting Indonesia's entry to the Melanesian Spearhead Group, were not good for Papua.
Mr Kilman recently told RNZ Pacific that in his view the best way to address human rights issues in West Papua was to maintain dialogue with Jakarta.
However he criticised Mr Salwai's government for being inconsistent on foreign policy issues.
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2) Hundreds of security forces monitor Papua inauguration
6:24 pm today 

Police in Indonesia's Papua province have defended the heavy security presence at the inauguration of two new regents.

The Jakarta Post reports as many as 500 police and army officers stood guard during the inauguration ceremony in Papua's capital, Jayapura.
The new heads of Papua's Tolikara and Yapen Islands regencies are Usman Wanimbo and Toni Tesar respectively.
Papua's governor Lukas Enembe presided over their inauguration at his office, monitored by the joint security personnel who made attendees go through security screenings.
Jayapura's police chief Tober Sirait said security forces had been deployed to prevent any clashes during the inauguration.
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3) Exposition of Asmat culture to Italian public
RIESKA WULANDARITHE JAKARTA POST
Milan | Wed, October 18, 2017 | 09:32 am

A glass box containing a wooden sculpture of a human head welcomes visitors of Museo delle Culture (MUDEC/Museum of Culture) in Milan, Italy, while a wall dominated by red presents an illustration of Papua Island.
Through an opening corridor, in a room painted white, various artifacts connected with Papuan people’s daily activities were on display, such as hunting, cooking, farming, war, ritual and decorative equipment, including spears, daggers, shields, body accessories, bags and wall panels.
“The exhibits can give visitors an insight into the aspects related to the daily routines of this ethnic group and the complex tradition observed by the community,” Giorgia Barzetti, the museum curator, said.

smat means people on earth, and the locals call themselves Asmat-Ow to distinguish themselves from spirits.
“In the first collection, we wish to show the aspects of life of the Asmat tribe covering hunting, fishing and sago processing into starch as their main staple food. In the second we display the tools and articles used daily, from the implements for starch-making to accessories for decorating the body such as skirts, head gear, handbags, waistbands, bracelets, necklaces and nose ornaments,” he added.
The second collection also includes original war and ritual equipment, including daggers, arrows and spears along with typical shields.
“The weapons used by Asmat people aren’t just for the practical purposes of hunting and overcoming conflicts with other tribes, but also for rituals and sacred ceremonies, especially when carrying out head hunting,” Barzetti said.
“Legends and old literature indicate that in a tribal war, head hunting was practiced as a very important part of their cultural and spiritual life. The killing was seen to be direly needed because it determines the group’s continuity and welfare having to do with the initiation and transition rite of a young man into adulthood. This also concerns cannibalism, in which the consumption of an enemy’s flesh is believed to transmit the victim’s vital force to the triumphant fighter to gain prestige, power and social status,” Giorgia explained.
However, the “harsh side” of the ethnic group turns into a spectacle of beauty as visitors enter the next room. Red dominates again, with two totems depicting men in a mutual support position, each more than 4 meters high, one in the middle and the other at the end of the room, one vertically erected and the other horizontally laid.
There are also several sculptures in the form of boats complete with rowers. On the right of the room are musical instruments, drums made from wood and animal hide with carvings symbolizing spirits.

“Rather than just engaged in hunting, the Asmats also have their expression of divine veneration as obviously reflected in their works. Their art constitutes a profound combination and total balance between human activities and spiritual rites, as evident in the over 4-meter totems depicting the attempts of Asmat members to remain balanced and mutually sustaining in social life and in the ritual worshipping divine spirits,” Barzetti said.
Asmat myth maintains that men were first born out of wood carved by the tribe founder, Fumeripitsj, who decided to carve several human figures from wood. He later crafted drums from tree trunks and lizard skin. Drum music seemingly infused soul into the figures, causing them to start dancing. This process is believed to have been the way the Asmat people came into being.
With the Fumeripitsj myth, the Asmat tradition has two basic aspects, statues and music. In this room, poles, sculptures, boats, horns, drums, and masks for the funeral ritual reflect the features and characteristics of Asmat culture.
A married couple, Mariangela Fardella and Giorgio Azzaroli, along with three collectors, Maurizio Leigheb, Roberto Fiore and Hans Jansen, take great pride that through their assiduity and love of the Asmat works, they were capable of organizing an exposition entitled Eravamo Cacciatori di Teste (We Were Head Hunters), at MUDEC, which opened on Sept. 26, 2017 and will run until July 8, 2018.
“I highly admire the Asmat people’s principle of social and spiritual relationship. I have deep affection for their originality in living their life and for all their works. This exposition serves as our testimony to reveal our love of this ethnic group and we hope they won’t cease to be immersed in their creative preoccupation,” Mariangela said.
Cesare Galli, 60, an Italian photographer living in Novara city, at the opening function described the great importance of this exhibition and expressed his pride and pleasure to witness the display of Indonesian carvings in Milan.
“I love Indonesia. I love its people and culture. I frequently visit this country. Seeing the collections here heals my longing for Indonesia,” he said with a smile.
An Indonesian government representative, Agung FR, Director of the Indonesian Trade Promotion Center (ITPC) in Milan, expressed his appreciation and gratitude for the arduous efforts of the collectors to present the cultural features of Indonesia in Italy.
Andi Sri Wahyuni Mandasini, an Indonesian who has lived in Italy for a decade, said it was the first time she had attended an exhibition of Asmat culture with such clarity and detail.
“I’m moved and at the same time ashamed, as some foreign citizens are so concerned and working hard to expose the culture of our community, and we even get acquainted through them. It’s a good lesson for us Indonesians,” she said.
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Tuesday, October 17, 2017

Attacks, disappearances and killings by unknown persons are now part of daily life for West Papuans

Free West Papua Campaign


Attacks, disappearances and killings by unknown persons are now part of daily life for West Papuans
OCTOBER 17, 2017
The statement below has been written by West Papuan Independence Leader Benny Wenda, following a spate of brutal human rights violations committed towards West Papuan people this month.
This month, several West Papuan people, particularly activists from the West Papua National Committee (KNPB) have been intimidated, attacked and killed by the Indonesian police and so called “unknown persons”.
  •  On 14th October, in Port Numbay (Jayapura), 19 year old West Papuan activist Alex Sambom from the KNPB went missing and the next day was found dead. He had been stripped naked and brutally murdered. It is believed that he was beaten to death with wood.
  • On 16th October, also in Port Numbay, West Papuan student activist Rosalina Fonataba was attacked in a hit and run attack by suspected members of the Indonesian police. She suffered wounds on her hands and feet and it is believed she was targeted after uploading photos with the West Papuan flag on social media.
  • On 16th October, in Dogiyai, West Papuan man Petrus Iyai was brutally beaten until bloodied by the Indonesian police mobile brigade (BRIMOB), for demanding his rightful pay after dropping off 2 passengers at Moanemani airport.
  • On 8th October, in Sorong, Indonesian police confiscated 4 West Papuan traditional bilum bags with the West Papuan flag on them. When asked why, they replied, “Because it’s terrible and violates the law”.
  • On 4th October and 16th October, West Papuan students studying in Indonesia were terrorised by the Indonesian police as their student dormitories in Manado and Tomohon were been searched and raided by the Indonesian police.
  • There have also been many other cases of intimidation, harassment, torture and killings against West Papuan people in recent weeks



  • Indonesian police in Sorong pose with the West Papuan bilum bags confiscated for having the West Papuan flag on them.


  • full report at

Monday, October 16, 2017

1) Inaugurations carried out under tight security in Papua


2) ACTIVISTS URGE TO INVESTIGATE ‘RASKIN AFFAIRS’ IN JAYAWIJAYA
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1) Inaugurations carried out under tight security in Papua
Nethy Dharma Somba The Jakarta Post
Jayapura, Papua | Mon, October 16, 2017 | 04:45 pm

As many as 500 joint security personnel stood guard during the inauguration of Tolikara Regent Usman Genongg Wanimbo and his deputy Dinus Wanimbo by Papua Governor Lukas Enembe at the governor’s office on Monday.
The governor also inaugurated Yapen Islands Regent Toni Tesar and his deputy Frans Sanadi.
The joint personnel from the police and Army were deployed to secure the inauguration, Jayapura Police chief Adj. Sr. Cmr. Tober Sirait said.
The security personnel were assigned to locations where people were expected to gather, such as Imbi Park in Jayapura and the governor’s office.
Those attending the inauguration were required to show their invitation and go through security screenings.  
“We didn't want any clashes during the inauguration,” Tober said on Monday.
Governor Lukas, who represented the home minister, said the elected leaders must represent all residents.  
“Embrace all people” he said in his speech.
Lukas also urged Tolikara and Yapen residents to unite. (rin)
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2) ACTIVISTS URGE TO INVESTIGATE ‘RASKIN AFFAIRS’ IN JAYAWIJAYA

Jayapura, Jubi – The Papua Anti-Corruption Non-Governmental Organization (PPA) and the Jayawijaya Community Forum of Central Highlands of Papua (FMJPTP) urged the Papua Police and Papua High Prosecutor Office to uncover a case of corruption of Rice for the poor program (Raskin) diversion in Jayawijaya Regency in the 2012 budget year.
A 400-ton case of raskin corruption has been revealed through first hand operation (OTT) by former Jayawijaya police chief, AKBP John Edison Isir at Hibama market.
“The head of Wouma, Napua and Yalengga districts as suspects has even been questioned by the Papua High Prosecutor’s Office (Kejati) of Papua, Wednesday, April 23, 2013,” said Chairman of FMJPTP in Jayapura, Yulianus Mabel, to Jubi in Jayapura Tuesday (October 10).

Mabel believes the law enforcement’s performance is slow. He even suspects there is no intention of filing the case. “I ask the Police Chief of Jayawijaya and the Papua police chief to follow-up the case based on his promise some time ago,” Mabel explained.
Another activist Yan Matuan also said that if Regional Police and Papua Kejati must prove their promise by revealing the perpetrators of Raskin Affair and the misdistribution of village funds which until now has is no clarity.
“This case used to been handled seriously by former Police Chief of Jayawijaya, but at a sudden he then transferred to Manokwari,” Yan said.
He asked the new police chief to conduct the investigation since the evidence are plenty. (tabloidjubi.com/Zely)
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Friday, October 13, 2017

1) Indonesia’s West Papua Headache Continues


2) Grasberg mine’s riches still a distant glitter for Papuan communities

3) 200 TRILLION, THE VALUE OF NON-TIMBER FOREST POTENTIAL IN PAPUA
4) IN AUGUST, 25 CASES OF CHILD VIOLENCE IN JAYAPURA CITY
5) POTENTIAL’S MAPPING AND ROAD MAP IS NEEDED IN RICH MINERALS’ PAPUA
6) THE USE OF MISSIONARY AIRFIELD NEEDS COORDINATION
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1) Indonesia’s West Papua Headache Continues
Jakarta must tread carefully on the issue.

By Luke Hunt October 14, 2017

The problems of Indonesian President Joko Widodo are many. A revival of the communist party and politically expedient alliances between Islamic militants and opposition parties are among the latest headaches he must deal with inside the corridors of power in Jakarta.
But much further away, in West Papua, old issues continue to simmer, perhaps threateningly so unless Widodo can negotiate deftly with people who have little in common with Indonesia’s central authorities and those who run the conflict-prone country.
The latest escalation in tensions between locals and Widodo’s administration erupted last week when it was revealed that a secret petition had been passed around, gathering 1.8 million signatures, demanding a free vote on independence for West Papua.
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The demands were presented to the United Nations in New York by exiled pro-independence leader Benny Wenda. But the bid was rejected, with doubts cast over the veracity of the petition by Jakarta.
In fact, The Jakarta Post reported that the chairman of Special Committee on Decolonization, Venezuela’s Rafael Ramirez expressed “indignation with those individuals and parties who had manipulated his name for their own purposes.”
“I have never received anything or anybody regarding the issue of West Papua,” he apparently said in a doorstop interview at UN headquarters.
The United Nations, and the international community more generally, may not want to upset the Indonesian government. But the 1.8 million signatures figure, if correct, represents around a whopping 70 percent of the West Papuan population. Separatist agitation also has a long history there, amid sporadic crackdowns by the military that have obviously not worked.
And the petition did in fact exist. It asked the UN to appoint a special representative to investigate human rights abuses in the province and to put West Papua back on the decolonization committee agenda and ensure their right to self-determination.
It was that committee which refused to accept the petition.
“In the West Papuan people’s petition we hand over the bones of the people of West Papua to the United Nations and the world,” Wenda said, adding the petition was banned in the provinces of Papua and West Papua, and blocked online.
“After decades of suffering, decades of genocide, decades of occupation, we open up the voice of the West Papuan people which lives inside this petition. My people want to be free.”
Indonesia can ill-afford another conflict, having dealt with similar issues with respect to East Timor and Aceh that threatened the country’s political and social stability.
West Papua was lumped within Indonesia’s sovereign borders through a forced and controversial annexation by Indonesia that has been well-documented. Since then many reports have documented how indigenous people have been subjected to harassment, ranging from beatings to murder.
Peter Arndt of the Catholic Justice and Peace Commission compiled one report accusing the Indonesian government of staging violent incursions into the region and systematically expelling Papuans from their homes in what amounted to a “slow-motion genocide.”
According to the report, the indigenous people of West Papua now account for just 40 percent of the population, compared with more than 95 percent three decades ago.
Released a year ago, the report also found that the situation in West Papua was “fast approaching a tipping point.”
“In less than five years, the position of Papuans in their own land will be worse than precarious,” it said.
“They are already experiencing a demographic tidal wave. Ruthless Indonesian political, economic, social and cultural domination threatens to engulf the proud people who have inhabited the land they call Tanah Papua for thousands of years.”
Doubts surrounding the recent petition might be real. But the fact is there are fewer doubts surrounding human rights abuses committed by the military and the hostility felt among locals on West Papua.
This is a highly combustible mix. And it comes at a potentially troubling time for Widodo ahead of presidential elections in 2019. So far, although he has visited the area several times and focused his efforts on economic issues, resolving the harder political questions has proven elusive. Navigating them will demand a skillful and more sensitive approach, which is a far cry from the clumsy, violent and authoritarian hand of the military we have witnessed previously.
Luke Hunt can be followed on twitter @lukeanthonyhunt
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Mongabay Series:
  • 2) Grasberg mine’s riches still a distant glitter for Papuan communities

    by Hans Nicholas Jong on 13 October 2017

  • Through its local subsidiary, US-based Freeport-McMoRan operates the world’s largest and most profitable gold mine in Indonesia’s Papua province.
  • Changes to Indonesia’s mining laws earlier this year raised hopes that Papua's indigenous people might finally get a stake in the mine.
  • With negotiations between the government and the company snagging on key issues, activists say these hopes may be premature.
High hopes that the world’s biggest gold mine will finally bring meaningful benefit to the community for which it has for decades been a source of contention have been deflated as negotiations hit a wall.
Freeport McMoRan Inc. (FCX) and the Indonesian government are currently hashing out the details of a long-term agreement for an extension of the company’s contract to operate the giant Grasberg gold and copper mine in Papua province, due to expire in 2021.
Freeport announced in August that it had agreed to divest a 51 percent stake in its Indonesian subsidiary, PT Freeport Indonesia (PTFI), in which it currently holds a 90.64 percent stake, following sustained pressure by the government to reform a mining sector long seen as not doing enough to benefit local communities or contribute to the national economy.
As part of broader changes to Indonesia’s mining law, the government has required that all mining firms build smelters in-country; convert their existing contracts into more flexible permits; and, for those with a foreign majority shareholder, divest a 51 percent stake in their operations to local partners within a decade of the mines coming into production.
Freeport’s announcement was cheered by Indonesians, many of whom believe the country has been getting the short end of the stick in its business dealings with foreign miners.
The indigenous inhabitants of Papua, in particular, welcomed the announcement, hoping the redrawn contract would finally address the impact of the company’s mining operations on the local community and improve their welfare.
But as negotiations between Freeport and the government stall over the terms of the divestment, the role Papuans will play in determining the future of the mining project is once again shrouded in uncertainty.

Sharing the wealth
In 2016 alone, Freeport’s Indonesian operations generated $3.8 billion in revenue for the parent company. Yet despite having the world’s most profitable gold mine, Papua remains Indonesia’s poorest province, where 28 percent of the people live below the poverty line. It also has some of the worst infant mortality and literacy rates in Asia.
To ensure that some of the mine’s revenues trickle down to Papuans, Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Ignasius Jonan has said that up to 10 percent of PTFI’s shares should be reserved for the Papuan government and indigenous Papuan people.
But Freeport has balked at the details of the government’s plan to manage the divestment. In a letter dated Sept. 28, the company expressed strong disagreement with the valuation, timing and structure put forward by the government.
The government has proposed acquiring a majority stake in PTFI by the end of 2018, but Freeport wants the divestment to take place in stages over a period of several years. It also wants the first batch of shares to be offered publicly through the stock exchange, rather than allocated directly to the government.
The price is another sticking point. Last year Freeport offered to divest a 10.64 percent stake in PTFI for $1.7 billion, which would give a valuation of around $8.1 billion for a 51 percent stake. Jonan, however, has called for a much lower figure. Conflating FCX’s market capitalization on the New York Stock Exchange and its share of revenue from PTFI, the minister argues that the fair value for a 51 percent stake in the Indonesian operator should be $4 billion.
Any hopes for immediate benefits as a result of the divestment, particularly the promised 10 percent stake for Papuans, have diminished as a result of the impasse.
Maryati Abdullah, the national coordinator of mining sector watchdog Publish What You Pay Indonesia, said such disagreements should have been foreseen. “The contentions in the negotiation process were predictable. So any claims of victory after the divestment agreement [in August] were premature, given that there are still many details that haven’t been agreed upon,” she told Mongabay. “As long as there’s no written agreement, there’s a high chance that things could still change.”

‘Our nature is damaged’
Community leaders in Papua argue they should be involved in the ongoing negotiations, regardless of whether Papuans get a share in PTFI.
A group representing various indigenous tribes affected by PTFI’s mining operation met with Jonan last month to discuss the issue.
“We hope we will be involved in the negotiation of the details of the agreement and that a good deal will be given be to the local people,” said Odizeus Beanal, a representative of the Amungme tribe, whose highland home is where Grasberg is located. “Our hope in the future is for an agreement to be reached for indigenous people.”
Also affected by PTFI’s operations are the Kamoro, a lowland people whose ancestral territory is the site of Freeport’s mining town of Timika. The Amungme and Kamoro have traditionally subsisted on sustainable agriculture, fishing and hunting. But the opening of the mine in 1967 disrupted their lives, stripping them of their rights to 100,000 hectares (247,100 acres) of their ancestral lands. They have been further displaced and marginalized by migrants from elsewhere across Indonesia drawn to the mining boomtown.
Indonesia’s National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM), a state-funded body, said earlier this year that PTFI had never compensated the Amungme and the Kamoro as the original stewards of the land where it operates. It characterized Freeport’s concession as a land grab.
“The land that could be used to live on has been contaminated with chemicals,” Daniel Beanal, a Kamoro elder, told presidential staffers at a meeting earlier this year. “Our nature is damaged. The mountain is filled with holes. I’ve never received anything from Freeport.”
Beanal argued it would be best for PTFI to cease operations, a call echoed by another Kamoro elder, Nicolaus Kanunggok.
“Our aspiration is clear: to close and audit [PTFI] first. We’re not asking for a share, not even a single percent. Close the operation first, and then audit [them],” Kanunggok said.

Audit findings
A recent report by Indonesia’s Supreme Audit Agency (BPK) identified a wide range of irregularities in PTFI’s operations and its current contract.
Eleven of the issues were attributed to weak management by the government, while 10 pointed to violations of regulations by PTFI. These include indications of reckless mining, and the dumping of mining waste into rivers, forests and the sea. An earlier review by the agency estimated the environmental damage from the company’s operations at 185 trillion rupiah ($13.7 billion).
PTFI spokesman Riza Pratama said the company manages its waste in accordance with the terms set out in the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) approved by the government in 1997. “We are operating in accordance with our mining contract and [mining waste processing and disposal] has been regulated in it,” he told Mongabay.
Noak Kapisa, the head of Papua’s environmental agency, said PTFI should pay for the environmental damage identified by the audit agency. “If the damage is done inside Freeport’s areas, then it has to fix it,” he told Mongabay. Kapisa also called on the government to revoke the company’s EIA, which is in the process of being renewed, if PTFI refuses to make amends for the environmental damage it has caused.
The BPK also found that Freeport had used 4,536 hectares (11,208 acres) of protected forest area without obtaining the proper permits, costing the government $20 million in lost fees between 2008 and 2015.
Riza declined to comment on this finding when asked by Mongabay.

Pitfalls and progress
As things stand, there is no guarantee of more environmentally sound mining operations once Freeport has relinquished a 51 percent stake in PTFI.
That’s because Freeport has insisted on retaining operational control of its subsidiary until 2041, even if the government holds the majority of PTFI shares. Should the miner get its way, Indonesia would have no leverage in the deal, according to PWYP Indonesia advocacy manager Aryanto Nugroho.
For instance, he argues, Freeport could refuse to pay dividends to the government by saying it needs the money to cover expenses like building a smelter, which it is required to do under the new mining law.
“Even if the government held the majority of shares, if FCX still retained operation control, what could we do? So there are traps like that,” Nugroho told Mongabay.
The government must ensure that Freeport pays all its obligations, including for environmental damage, before the divestment is done, says Henri Subagiyo, executive director of the Indonesian Center for Environmental Law (ICEL), an NGO.
“If the obligations are paid before the takeover, there won’t be many problems. But if the obligations [are held over until] after the takeover, then who would bear the burden?” Subagiyo told Mongabay. “If the government has the majority of shares, then the government would have the obligations [to pay for the damage]. If Papuans get a stake, they would bear the risk as well.”
Activists have urged the government to use the BPK’s findings as a basis in the negotiations with Freeport.
“These problems have to be probed further and discussed during the renegotiation process of Freeport’s mining contract,” said PWYP Indonesia’s Abdullah. “Environmental problems are no less important than other problems in the renegotiation, which are mainly financial, such as tax, divestment and the obligation to build smelters in Indonesia.”
President Joko Widodo has said the government is seeking a win-win solution as quickly as possible. But with neither side seeing eye to eye on the key issues, it remains unclear when the negotiations will conclude.
Additional reporting by Basten Gokkon.
Banner image: Panorama from high up at the Grasberg gold and copper mine in Indonesian Papua on the island of New Guinea. Photo by Richard Jones/flickr.
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3) 200 TRILLION, THE VALUE OF NON-TIMBER FOREST POTENTIAL IN PAPUA

Jayapura, Jubi – Provincial Government of Papua said the potential of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFP) reaches Rp 200 trillion per year. The potential is based on the study conducted by Research and Development Agency of Papua Province.
“An increase in the potential of NTFPs in Papua is needed. Because if it managed and processed well they will bring great revenue for Papua,” said Assistant for Economic Affairs and People’s Welfare, Secretary of Papua, Elia Loupatty, Tuesday (October 10).
According to him, the study of Research and Development Agency of Papua Province shows the potential of forest from upstream to downstream can generate Rp 200 trillion per year. “This is without destroying the forest,” Elia added.
The potential is much larger than the Special Autonomy Fund (Otsus) which is only Rp 5 trillion, but Elijah ensures it needs good management and coordination. “Management of NTFPs requires strong coordination,” he said.
Head of Papua Forestry and Conservation Agency, Yan Yap Ormuseray invites people in his region to intensively protect the forest and the environment. “Because almost the entire territory of Papua is covered by excellent natural forest and has a very high selling value,” said Yan Yap.
According to him, development with regard to environment is a key requirement for provincial, regencies and municipal governments in Papua. “All development should be initiated by conducting environmental studies,” Yan added.
He emphasized the special development that goes through the forest need to be preceded by a strategic study on the environment. It also applies to the road construction for the people. “It is also important to see the impact on the environment, because it is now become world’s attention,” he said.(tabloidjubi.com/Zely)
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4) IN AUGUST, 25 CASES OF CHILD VIOLENCE IN JAYAPURA CITY
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http://tabloidjubi.com/eng/potentials-mapping-road-map-needed-rich-minerals-papua/
5) POTENTIAL’S MAPPING AND ROAD MAP IS NEEDED IN RICH MINERALS’ PAPUA
Jayapura, Jubi – Papua is rich in mineral natural resources of metals that need regulatory systems based on existing regulations.
“Papua is not only rich in mining. Papua is full of metallic mineral resources,” said Papua’s mining practitioner, Hosea Asmuruf, in a discussion about Tthe Governance potential for indigenous Papuans in mining and existence of Pergub Papua No. 41 of 2011, at Center for Women’s Development and Development (P3W) office , Padang Bulan Abepura, Jayapura City, Friday (October 6).
The former Dean of the Faculty of Mining, University of Science and Technology (USTJ) of Jayapura, said the metal mineral resources need to be seriously managed by the right stakeholder. If not so, Papuans will never enjoy it.

“The Papuans should prepare themselves and begin the process of management. And it depends on local governments whether they willing to give authority to the locals or not,” he said.
Papuan mining observer, Hetkan Spel Bidana, said that the management of mining in Papua by delegating authority to the Papuan people is not difficult. The government is sufficiently referring to the main tasks and functions of the Provincial Department of Energy’s Mineral Resources, Law No. 4 of 2009 on Minerba, Law no 30 of 2007 on Energy, and Law 21 of 2001 on Special Autonomy of Papua.
“The government should do the planning, implementation, and control of the program. The government needs to make a general plan for Papua energy, form a Papuan energy council, and arrange Papuan energy entrepreneurs with local regulations.
He said, the government also needs to create a grand design of mineral resources potential in Papua and make action plan of mineral resource mapping. This map is important to become shared knowledge for further management.
After the mapping, the government needs to develop a grand design for the development of carbon energy and renewable energy (green energy), as well as action plan for management and utilization of energy so the benefits would be even clear.
Regardless the mining focus, government also needs to make grand design of conservation and utilization of water resources to avoid pollution.
Much more important than that, the government needs a grand design of development and management of mining in Papua. The people must become economic actors in the field of mining and the preparation and action plans for the development of community mining management should start now.
“First of all it needs a database of human resources of indigenous Papuans (geologists, mines, chemicals, environment, law, economists, sociologists, anthropologists) that give weight to the mine and energy management in Papua,” said the man who has a mining education background. (tabloidjubi.com/Zely)
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6) THE USE OF MISSIONARY AIRFIELD NEEDS COORDINATION
Jayapura, Jubi – The regency/city governments should make coordination in utilizing the built-in missionary airfield in the remote interior of Papua.
It is said by Legislator of Papua, Mustakim which also acknowledge that the role of missionaries which had built many airfields is undeniable in various rural areas of Papua for the sake of religious mission.
“If the government wants to use the missionary-built airfields, it needs to be coordinated with the missionaries, local people, religious leaders, and community leaders,” Mustakim said on Wednesday (October 11).

If the government wants to use the airfields, they must firs fix or prepare an adequate means of the airfields. “If the conditions of airfields are not adequate, the government has to coordinates with related parties to fix it, so it can be used together. I think missionaries and government mission are the same, serving the community,” he said.
The coordination is important to avoid further problems, especially if the governments plan to improve the existed missionaries’ airfields.
Assistant for the Economic and Development Sector of the Papua Provincial Secretariat, Elia Loupatty, said there are at least 300 airfields built because of the joint community efforts, missionaries and churches in the interior of Papua.
“The average built-in airfields are only 600 meters long and the position is not straight. But that’s the condition and it must be fixed from time to time,” Loupatty said recently.
He said the government should give appreciation to the missionaries, without them there is no airfield, the inland areas will be difficult to reach. (tabloidjubi.com/Zely)
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